brthstns

Modern Birthstones

January – Garnet
February – Amethyst
March – Aquamarine
April – Diamond
May – Emerald
June – Pearl
July – Ruby
August – Peridot
September – Sapphire
October – Opal
November – Topaz
December – Turquoise / Blue Zircon / Blue Topaz

Traditional Birthstones

January – Garnet
February – Amethyst
March – Bloodstone
April – Diamond
May – Emerald
June – Alexandrite
July – Ruby
August – Sardonyx
September – Sapphire
October – Tourmaline
November – Citrine
December – Turquoise

Cabochon Birthstones

January – Garnet
February – Amethyst
March – Bloodstone
April – Mother of
Pearl
May – Green Onyx
June – Moonstone
July – Jasper
August – Carnelian
September – Lapis Lazuli
October – Opal
November – Citrine
December – Turquoise

Zodiac Stones

Capricorn (Dec 22 – Jan 20) – Ruby
Aquarius (Jan 21 – Feb 21) – Garnet
Pisces (Feb 22 – March 21) – Amethyst
Aries (March 22 – April 20) – Bloodstone (Jasper)
Taurus (April 21 – May 21) – Sapphire
Gemini (May 22 – June 21) – Agate
Cancer (June 22 – July 22) – Emerald
Leo (July 23 – August 22) – Onyx
Virgo (August 23 – Sept 22) – Carnelian
Libra (Sept 23 – Oct 23) – Chrysolite (Peridot)
Scorpio (Oct 24 – Nov 21) – Aquamarine
Sagittarius (Nov 23 – Dec 21) – Topaz

12 Chinese Zodiac Animals

There is a Chinese Zodiac Animal for every year:

Tiger – tend to be courageous deep thinkers. [1914, 1926, 1938, 1950, 1962, 1974, 1986, 1998, 2010]
Rabbit – tend to be wise, ambitious, tactful people. [1915, 1927, 1939, 1951, 1963, 1975, 1987, 1999, 2011]
Dragon – tend to be very lucky, generous and intuitive. [1928, 1940, 1952, 1964, 1976, 1988, 2000, 2012]
Snake – tend to be calm, determined, passionate. [1917, 1929, 1941, 1953, 1965, 1977, 1989, 2001, 2013]
Horse– tend to be enthusiastic, open, romantic, easy-going and frank. [1930, 1942, 1954, 1966, 1978, 1990, 2002, 2014]
Ram– tend to be artistic, passionate, and elegant. [1919, 1931, 1943, 1955, 1967, 1979, 1991, 2003, 2115]
Monkey – tend to be clever, strong-willed problem-solvers. [1920, 1932, 1944, 1956, 1968, 1980, 1992, 2004, 2016]
Rooster– tend to be capable, talented, deep thinkers. [1921, 1933, 1945, 1957, 1969, 1981, 1993, 2005, 2017]
Dog – tend to have a deep sense of loyalty. They are honest and know how to keep secrets. [1922, 1934, 1946, 1958, 1970, 1982, 1994, 2006, 2018]
Pig– tend to be brave and gallant and approach things without fear. [1911, 1923, 1935, 1947, 1959, 1971, 1983, 1995, 2007, 2019]
Rat – tend to be thrifty with money, charming and appealing. [1912, 1924, 1936, 1948, 1960, 1972, 1984, 1996, 2008]
Ox – tend to easy going and inspire confidence in others. [1913, 1925, 1937, 1949, 1961, 1973, 1985, 1997, 2009]

Anniversary Gemstones

1st Anniversary – Gold Jewelry
2nd Anniversary – Garnet
3rd Anniversary – Cultured or Natural Pearls
4th Anniversary – Blue Topaz
5th Anniversary – Sapphire
6th Anniversary – Amethyst
7th Anniversary – Onyx
8th Anniversary – Tourmaline
9th Anniversary – Lapis Lazuli
10th Anniversary – Diamond Jewelry
11th Anniversary – Turquoise
12th Anniversary – Jade
13th Anniversary – Citrine
14th Anniversary – Opal
15th Anniversary – Ruby
16th Anniversary – Peridot
17th Anniversary – Watches
18th Anniversary – Catís Eye
19th Anniversary – Aquamarine
20th Anniversary – Emerald
21st Anniversary – Iolite
22nd Anniversary – Spinel
23rd Anniversary – Imperial Topaz
24th Anniversary – Tanzanite
25th Anniversary – Silver Jubilee
30th Anniversary – Cultured/Natural Pearl Jubilee
35th Anniversary – Emerald
40th Anniversary – Ruby
45th Anniversary – Sapphire
50th Anniversary – Golden Jubilee
55th Anniversary – Alexandrite
60th Anniversary – Diamond

Wedding Anniversary Stones

Alternate stones are listed in parentheses.

1 Gold (Peridot)
2 Garnet
3 Pearl (Jade)
4 Blue Topaz (Blue Zircon)
5 Sapphire (Pink Tourmaline)
6 Amethyst (Turquoise)
7 Onyx (Yellow Sapphire, Golden Beryl)
8 Tourmaline (Tanzanite)
9 Lapis Lazuli (Amethyst, Green Spinel)
10 Diamond (Blue Sapphire)
11 Turquoise (Citrine, Yellow Zircon)
12 Jade (Opal)
13 Citrine (Moonstone, Hawk’s Eye)
14 Opal (Agate, Bloodstone)
15 Ruby (Rhodolite Garnet, Alexandrite)
16 Peridot (Red Spinel)
17 Wristwatch (Carnelian)
18 Cat’s Eye / Chrysoberyl (Aquamarine)
19 Aquamarine (Almandine Garnet)
20 Emerald (Yellow or Golden Diamond)
21 Iolite
22 Spinel
23 Imperial Topaz
24 Tanzanite
25 Silver (Tsavorite, Green Garnet)
30 Pearl
35 Emerald
40 Ruby
45 Sapphire (Cat’s Eye)
50 Golden (Imperial / Golden Topaz)
55 Alexandrite
60 Diamond (Star Ruby)
65 Blue Spinel
70 Sapphire (Smoky Quartz)
75 Diamond
80 Ruby

The History of Birthstones

The idea of birthstones — a gemstone assigned to each month of the year — is thought to be an ancient one, and scholars trace it back to the Breastplate of Aaron described in the Bible in the book of Exodus. The Breastplate was a religious garment set with twelve gemstones that represented the twelve tribes of Israel. The gems were set in four rows of three: sardius, topaz and carbuncle; emerald, sapphire and diamond; ligure, agate and amethyst; and beryl, onyx and jasper.
So how did we get from gemstones representing the twelve tribes of Israel to birthstones? The writings of Flavius Josephus (1st century AD) and St. Jerome (fifth century AD) made the connection between the 12 stones in the Breastplate and the 12 signs of the zodiac. The idea was proposed that each of the gemstones had special powers associated with the corresponding astrological sign, and that wearing these stones at the right time would have therapeutic or talismanic benefits.

But this was not quite the same idea as our concept of the birthstone. Based on this astrological model, one ought to own a collection of the 12 different gemstones assigned to the signs of the zodiac, and wear the appropriate gem during the ascendancy of the corresponding sign. This is more like the Vedic astrological tradition of India, which assigns 9 different gemstones to 9 planets, and prescribes the wearing of particular gems according to your health and the challenges you face in your life.

The idea of each person always wearing a gemstone corresponding to the month of his or her birth is a distinctly modern idea that scholars trace to 18th century Poland, with the arrival of Jewish gem traders in the region. But the modern list of birthstones was not defined until 1912, by the National Association of Jewelers (Jewelers of America) in the USA.
The modern birthstone list has been unchanged since 1912. Only recently have we seen two attempts to change it, both curiously associated with the gemstone tanzanite. In 2002 the American Gem Trade Association (AGTA) announced that they had added tanzanite as a birthstone for December, though December already had two birthstones (turquoise and zircon). The Jewelers of America went along with the idea and provided this sound bite for the AGTA press releases: “JA sees the addition of tanzanite for December as a way to build business. Any step that helps retailers sell more jewelry is a good one.” The world had clearly come a long way from the purported magical powers of astrological gemstones.

In February 2006, Tanzanite One Ltd., the aspiring tanzanite cartel, announced a marketing strategy to make tanzanite a birthstone. But Tanzanite One wasn’t content for tanzanite to be just another birthstone. They wanted to go one better — they wanted tanzanite to be given on the birth of every child, regardless of month. With the slogan “Be Born to Tanzanite,” they cited rather dubious connections to Masai tribal birth practices. At this point we can safely say that the commercialization of birthstones is complete.